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Mosquitoes 101:

Although the term mosquito is usually sufficient for any layperson, mosquito researchers have actually discovered over 3000 distinct mosquito species worldwide. Because of this amazing genetic diversity, mosquitoes have adapted to live in conditions ranging from topical to arctic and are found on every continent except Antarctica.

The two most important and abundant mosquito species in Africa are:

P. falciparum and P. vivax .

  • P. falciparum is the most prevalent malaria parasite on the African continent. It is responsible for most malaria-related deaths globally.
  • P. vivax is the dominant malaria parasite in most countries outside of sub-Saharan Africa.